Vibrating screen is an indispensable device in crushing, which plays a role of screening and grading aggregates. Users can control the speed of screening by adjusting the amplitude of the vibrating screen. So how do we adjust the vibrating amplitude? And what caused it?
Actually, the main reasons for small amplitude of the vibrating screen are as follows:
1、Insufficient power supply voltage
For example, a vibrating screen is designed according to 380V three-phase power, if the line is not connected as required; the voltage is insufficient, which will cause the vibrating screen to have small amplitude.
2、Too few eccentric blocks
By increasing or decreasing the number of eccentric blocks, you can control the amplitude of vibrating screen. If you want to increase the amplitude, you can increase the number of eccentric blocks.
3、The included angle between eccentric blocks is too small
If the vibrating screen is equipped with a vibrating motor, the angle between the eccentric blocks at both ends of the motor shaft will also affect the amplitude. The smaller the angle is, the larger the exciting force becomes, and the larger the amplitude becomes. So user can adjust the amplitude by changing the angle.
4、Large feed cause large accumulation
If the stone conveyed to the screen surface exceeds its bearing range at one time, which will make materials in the funnel of the screen surface accumulate. This will increase the equipment load and affect the amplitude. If so, it is necessary to stop the machine first, reducing the material on the screen to the normal range, and then start. In addition, the particle of material is directly related to the vibration screen amplitude.
5、Unreasonable spring design
As we all know, vibrating screen is mainly composed of vibrator, screen box, supporting device, transmission device, etc. As an important part of supporting device, spring should be designed precisely. The net variable of the spring should be less than the height of the device, or it will cause small amplitude. What’s more? The net variable of the spring cannot be too large, or it will separate from the body.
1）The motor or electrical components was damaged
First, user should check out the motor, if it is damaged, it needs to be replaced timely. Secondly, check the electrical components in the control circuit, if it’s damaged, please replace it.
Check the viscosity of grease in the vibrator, add appropriate grease timely, and check whether the vibrator is faulty, and repair or replace it in time.
One thing to note is that in the process of adjusting the amplitude of vibrating screen, whether it is to increase the weight of the eccentric block, adjust the angle of eccentric blocks, or increase or decrease the counterweight on the flywheel and the pulley (off-axis eccentric vibration), the value of the vibration source (vibrator or vibration motor) must be the same, otherwise it will cause equipment damage.